Sea and Fish Eagles

White-bellied Sea Eagle - Haliaeetus leucogaster


Photo: John H. Tashjian, California Academy of Sciences.
cburroughs@CalAcademy.org 

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
widely, from India to Australia
HABITAT:
Mainly coastal, also found in many large rivers and lakes
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
75 - 85 cm
Wing-span:
180 - 218 cm
Weight:
2,1 - 2,9 kg (male) and  2,9 - 3,4 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

 

 

 

Sanford's Sea Eagle - Haliaeetus sanfordi

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
 Solomon Islands
HABITAT:
 From inshore waters and tideline to mountain rain forrest, near freshwater lakes
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
70 - 90 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight:
 2,3 - 2,7 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

African Fish Eagle - Haliaeetus vocifer


Photo: Gerald and Buff Corsi,
California Academy of Sciences. cburroughs@CalAcademy.org

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
all over Africa, from Senegal (west) to Ethiopia (east) and down to South Africa (south)
HABITAT:
margins of large lakes, rivers, swamps and reservoirs
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 63 -73 cm
Wing-span:
190 cm
Weight:
 2,0 - 2,5 kg (male) and 3,2 - 3,6 kg (female)
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

Madagascar Fish-eagle - Haliaeetus vociferoides.


Photo: The Peregrine Fund

SUBSPECIES: None.
DISTRIBUTION:
Endemic to Madagascar.
HABITAT:
Lakes, rivers and coasts.
POPULATION:
45 - 50 breeding pairs at 48 occupied territories (1985). Maximum total may be c. 100 pairs
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
70 - 80 cm.
Wing-span:
200 cm.
Weight:
2.27 to 2.73 kg. 
STATUS:
ENDANGERED
One of the world's rarest birds of prey.

     
(klick for a larger picture)
Photo: Per Smitterberg

Pallas' Sea Eagle - Haliaeetus leucoryphus


(klick for a larger pictures)

Photos: Per Smitterberg

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Central & south Asia, from Kazakhstan (west) to Mongolia and north-east China (east), to Pakistan, north India and southcentral China (south).
HABITAT:
Rivers and lakes, freshwater wetlands and pools.
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
72 - 84 cm
Wing-span:
180 - 205 cm
Weight: 
2,0 - 3,7 kg
STATUS:
RARE

Bald Eagle - Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Photo

SUBSPECIES and DISTRIBUTION:
H. l. leucocephalus
(North American Bald Eagle) - 
From south USA  to north-west Mexico.  
H. l. alascensis (Alaska Bald Eagle) -
Aleutian Islands, Alaska, Canada and north USA 
HABITAT:
Generally fringing water, e.g. coasts, estuaries, riparian habitats and lakes. From tundra and conifer forests to mangrove and cypress swamp.
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 71 - 96 cm
Wing-span:
168 - 244 cm
Weight: 
3 - 6,3 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

White-tailed Eagle - Haliaeetus albicilla

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
H. a. albicilla (Eurasian White-tailed Eagle) - West Iceland. North and central Eurasia (north) to Greec and Turkey, south Caspian Sea, Lake Balkash and Manchuria (south).
H. a. groenlandicus (Greenland White-tailed Eagle) - South-west Greenland
HABITAT:
Coasts, rocky islands, lakes, large rivers and large marshes.  Both freshwater and marine. From desert to Artic climates.
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 69 - 92 cm
Wing-span:
200 - 245 cm
Weight:
4,1 kg (male) and 5,5 kg (female) 
STATUS:
VULNERABLE

Steller's Sea Eagle - Haliaeetus pelagicus


Photo: Chris Schenk

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Coastal regions along west Bering Sea and south to Paulīs Bay and Sea of Okhotsk.
HABITAT:
Narrow strips of coast together with forested valleys along lower reaches of rivers
POPULATION:
about 7 500 birds
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
85 - 94 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight: 
4,9 - 9,0 kg
STATUS:
Rare

Lesser Fishing-eagle - Ichthyophaga humilis

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
I. h humilis
- Malay Peninsula and Sumatra through Borneo to Sulawesi and Banggai Island.
I. h plumbea
- Kashmir, south-east through Himalayas of India and Nepal to Burma, north Indochina and Hainan
HABITAT:
Forested margins of fast flowing rivers in foothills and mountains
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
51 - 64 cm 
Wing-span:
120 - 123 cm
Weight:
780 - 785 g 
STATUS:
Not globally threatened

Grey-headed Fishing- eagle - Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
India, Nepal and Sri Lanka, east through Indochina and Malay Peninsula to Greater Sundas, north and east Philippines and Sulawesi 
HABITAT:
Lowland forest, closely associated with large bodies of fresh water. Rivers and marshes and along sea coasts.
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
61 - 75 cm
Wing-span:
155 - 170 cm
Weight:
 1,6 - 2,7 kg
STATUS: 
Not globally threatened

 

References:
  • Handbook of the Birds of the World, Volume 2

toto.hedfeldt@telia.com
Latest date of change: 2007-04-09