Snake or Serpent Eagles

Short-toed Snake Eagle - Circaetus gallicus

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
North-west Africa and south-west Europe to Gulf of Finland (north) and Lake Balkash and Iran (east). India and Lesser Sundas.
HABITAT:
Varied, mainly warm temperate and tropical zones. From open woodland to semi-desert
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
62 - 67 cm
Wing-span:
170 - 185 cm
Weight:
1,2 - 2,0 kg (male) and 1,3 - 2,3 kg (female)
STATUS: Not globally threatended

Beaudouinīs Snake Eagle - Circaetus beaudouini 

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
South Mauritania and Senegambia (west) to south-west Sudan, north Uganda and north-west Kenya (east)
HABITAT:
Open woodland and tree savanna
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
60 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight:
 
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

Black-breasted Snake Eagle - Cetus pectoralis

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
East Sudan and Ethiopia to South Africa
HABITAT:
Open areas of savanna and steppe
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 65 cm
Wing-span:
178 cm 
Weight: 
1,2 - 2,3 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

Brown Snake Eagle - Circaetus cinereus

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Senegambia (east) to north Ethiopia (west) and South Africa (south)
HABITAT:
Woodland and tree savanna
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
75 cm
Wing-span:
 164 cm
Weight:
 1,5 - 2,5 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

Southern Banded Snake Eagle - Circaetus fasciolatus

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Kenya to noth-east South Africa along the east-coast of Africa and further inland along major rivers
HABITAT:
Dense coastal- and riverine forests
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 60 cm
Wing-span:
 
Weight: 
0,9 - 1,1 kg
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

Western Banded Snake Eagle - Circaetus cinerascens

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None.
DISTRIBUTION:
Senegambia (west) to south Sudan and west Ethiopia (east) then south to River Zambezi occurring in Angola and Namibia (west) and Zimbabwe and Zambia (east) 
HABITAT:
Riverine- and gallery forests. 
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
60 cm
Wing-span:
114 cm
Weight:
1,1 kg 
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

Bateleur - Terathopius ecaudatus

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Senegambia (west) to Sudan and Ethiopia (west) and Namibia and South Africa (south)
HABITAT:
Open woodland and tree savanna
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
60 cm
Wing-span:
187 cm
Weight:
1,8 - 3,0 kg
STATUS: Not globally threatended

Crested Serpent Eagle - Spilornis cheela


Photo: Per Paulsen 

 

SUBSPECIES:
S. c. cheela -
North India and Nepal
S. c. melanotis
- South India
S. c. spilogaster
- Sri Lanka
S. c. burmanicus
- Burma, South-west China, Thailand and Indochina
S. c. davisoni
- Andaman Island
S. c.  minimus
- Central Nicrobar Island
S. c. ricketti
- North Vietnam and south-central & south-east China
S. c. perplexus
- South Ryukuy Island
S. c. hoya
- Taiwan
S. c. rutherfordi
- Hainan
S. c. palawanensis
- Palawan group (Philippines)
S. c. pallidus
- Iowlands of north Borneo
S. c. richmondi
- South Borneo 
S. c. natunensis (Natuna Serpent Eagle) - Natuna Island and Belitung Island
S. c. malayenis - Malay Peninsula, nearby Anambas Island and north Sumatra
S. c. batu
- South Sumatra and Batu Island 
S. c. abbotti (Simeulue Serpent Eagle) - Simeulue Island
S. c. asturinus (Nias Serpent Eagle) - Nias Island
S. c. sipora (Mentawai Serpent Eagle) - Mentawai Island
S. c. bido - Java and Bali
S. c. baweanus
- Bawean Island
DISTRIBUTION:
HABITAT:
Wide variety of habitats, including dry to wet forests, tea plantations, wooded savannas and mangroves
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 41 - 76 cm
Wing-span:
123 - 155 cm
Weight:
0,4 - 1,8 kg (pallidus 675 - 925 g) 
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

Philippine Serpent Eagle - Spilornis holospilius

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
North & east Philippine Island, from Luzon (north) to Mindanao (south)
HABITAT:
Forest and forest edge, also in open country
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
 48 - 64 cm
Wing-span:
Weight:
604 -762 g (two birds) 
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

Sulawesi Serpent Eagle - Spilornis rufipectus

Photo

SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
S. r. rufipectus -
Sulawesi and islands of Salayar, Muna and Butung, off  south Sulawesi 
S. r. sulaensis - Banggai and Sula Island, off east Sulawesi
HABITAT:
Forest edge and openings, secondary forest and grass savannas, from 300 up to 1000 meters
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
41 - 50 cm
Wing-span:
Weight: 
STATUS:
Not globally threatended

Kinabalu Serpent Eagle - Spilornis kinabaluensis

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Certain mountains on north Borneo
HABITAT:
Mountain forests
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
51 - 55 cm
Wing-span:
Weight: 
STATUS:
RARE

Great Nicobar Serpent Eagle - Spilornis klossi

Photo

SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Great Nicobar Island
HABITAT:
Interior of rain forests
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
38 - 41 cm 
Wing-span:
Weight: 
STATUS:
Not globally threatended
Andaman Serpent Eagle - Spilornis elgini
  SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
Andaman Island
HABITAT:
Forests, typically in clearings, also on open hillsides  
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght: 
49 - 54 cm
Wing-span:
115 - 123 cm
Weight:
790 - 1000 g 
STATUS:
RARE
Congo Serpent Eagle - Dryotriorchis spectabilis
  SUBSPECIES AND DISTRIBUTION:
D. s. spectabilis
- Sierra Leone (west) to south Nigeria and north-west Cameroon (east)
D. s. batesi
- South Cameroon (west) to west Uganda (east) and Gabon and south-central Zaire (south). North Angola
HABITAT:
Lowland tropical rain forest  
POPULATION:
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
50 cm 
Wing-span:
Weight: 
STATUS:
Not globally threatended
Madagascar Serpent Eagle - Eutriorchis astur
  SUBSPECIES: None
DISTRIBUTION:
North-east Madagascar
HABITAT:
Rain forest, up to 1000 meter  
POPULATION:
Very few
IDENTIFICATION:
Lenght:
66 cm 
Wing-span:
Weight: 
STATUS:
ENDANGERED
READ MORE

 

References:
  • Handbook of the Birds of the World, Volume 2

toto.hedfeldt@telia.com
Latest date of change: 2006-12-31